Etowah Historical Society

since 1954

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Nine Nations over Etowah County

There were nine nations in control of what now is Etowah County.  It is believed no other city, county or state in the U.S. can match this or make this many claims!  CAN YOU NAME THEM???





1. The Creek Nation

The Creek are an American Indian people also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee ), the name they use to identify themselves today. Their language, Mvskoke, is a member of the Creek branch of the Muskogean language family. The Seminole are close kin to the Muscogee and speak a Creek language as well. The Creeks were considered one of the Five Civilized Tribes.

The early historic Creeks were probably descendants of the mound builders of the Mississippian culture along the Tennessee River in modern Tennessee and Alabama , and possibly related to the Utinahica of southern Georgia . More of a loose confederacy than a single tribe, the Muscogee lived in autonomous villages in river valleys throughout what are today the states of Tennessee , Georgia , and Alabama . In Etowah County prior to their removal, they mostly lived East of the Coosa River. 

2. The Chickasaw Nation

The Chickasaw was known as great hunters and warriors and lived in the Mississippi Valley region, including Mississippi , Kentucky , Tennessee , and Alabama . Towns were spread out with a council house used for meetings, ceremonies, and ballgames in the center. Most Chickasaw families had two homes, one made of woven mats and bark roofs for summer and another circular in shape, three feet below ground level, and plastered and whitewashed for winter. In addition, families had a storage building for corn and supplies. Their western boundary was the Coosa River here in Etowah County.


3. The Cherokee Nation

The Cherokee lived along the fertile rivers of Georgia and the Carolinas and were primarily agricultural, growing corn, beans, sweet potatoes, and squash. They also collected wild plants and relied on fishing and hunting for survival. Members of this matriarchal society lived in log and mud huts stationed around a seven-sided council house that was the center of the village. The Cherokee developed an 80-symbol language and used the printing press to teach it to nearly all of its members by 1810. They ruled and lived in the Northern part of Etowah County. 

4. The Nation of Spain

The flag of Spain was next to fly over Alabama . DeSoto entered the area in 1540.


5. The Nation of France

The flag of France was next to fly over Etowah County . The French made the first permanent settlement on Alabama 's soil and the first exploration occurred on January 31, 1699. The place was what is now Dauphine Island . In 1711 a wooden fort was built at Fort Conde de la Mobile, It was replaced in a few years by one of brick. This was the beginning of the first city ever built by white men within the limits of Alabama.


6. The Nation of Great Britain

The flag of Great Britain was the next flag to fly over Alabama . The middle of the 18th century saw the end of the long struggle between France and England in North America . The final contest involved nearly all the nations of Europe , and was waged by land and sea in every quarter of the world. It is known in Europe as the Seven Year's War, but in America it is called the French and Indian War. Canada was the chief seat of the French power, and in Canada and along its borders most of the battles were fought. On January 10, 1763 the final treaty of peace was made. This treaty is known as the Peace of Paris, and Great Britain , France , Spain and Portugal were the parties to it. France ceded to Great Britain all her possessions in North America east of the Mississippi , except New Orleans and the "island on which it stands." By the "island" was meant the land surrounded by the Mississippi and Iberville rivers, Lakes Maurepas and Pontchartrain, and the Gulf. Spain ceded to Great Britain the whole of Florida , including Pensacola , and Great Britain restored Havana to Spain . Some time afterwards it was learned that by a secret treaty made in 1762, France had ceded to Spain the remainder of her possessions in North America, and so Spain came into possession of the vast and unknown regions west of the Mississippi , as well as New Orleans . Thus, long before the State of Alabama began to exist, it was decided that men of English birth should possess the lands now embraced within its limits. No longer a border land between the colonies of two great nations, the soil was finally given over to English speech and English laws. 

7. The United States

The U.S. flag flew over Alabama on December 14, 1819 when Alabama became a state. 

8. The Alabama Republic

The flag of the Alabama Republic was the flag of Alabama for this next period. On January 11, 1861 Alabama adopted the ordinances of secession from the Union . It was on this date and until February 18, 1861 that Alabama was a free republic.


9. Confederate States of America

The flag of the Confederacy was the flag of Alabama after the inauguration of Jefferson Davis on February 18, 1861 until the end of the Civil War.




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ducational Programs- Presentations of historical interest. Current programs of history in the making.

istorical Markers - Markings of historical homes, cemeteries, schools, rivers, trails, public buildings

ignificant Preservations - Preservation of historical buildings, homes & landmarks


The Etowah

Historical Society

 P.O. Box 8131

Gadsden, AL 35902

(Physical address at

2829 W. Meighan Blvd.)


Danny Crownover






Officers & Board Members

President ...........................Danny Crownover

1st Vice President ..................Traci Pondick

2nd Vice President ............Sharyon Ramsey

Recording Secretary ...........John McFarland

Corresponding Secretary ..Molly Cheatwood

Treasurer ............................Gorden Maddox

Historian .................................Patsy Hanvey

Devotional ...........Gennie McDaniel Dawson




The Society meets every 2nd Friday night each month at Elliott Community Center, corner of 29th Street & Meighan Blvd. at 6:00pm.

Each month we have an enjoyable presentation and refreshments.

Come and enjoy!!!


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